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UNDERSTANDING MALE MENOPAUSE: FACTS AND CHALLENGES

Updated: May 26, 2020

WHAT IS MALE MENOPAUSE?

Hormones are chemical messengers that are secreted directly into the blood, which carries them to organs and tissues of the body to exert their functions. The effect of changing hormones in men and women are common which can produce both physical and psychological symptoms. Many doctors are noticing some of the symptoms in men which were the same experienced by the women in perimenopause and menopause.

“Male menopause” is the more common term for andropause, many doctors use the word andropause than male menopause. It describes age-related changes in male hormone levels. This is also known as testosterone deficiency, androgen deficiency, and late-onset hypogonadism.


FACTS ABOUT MALE MENOPAUSE

The medical society is currently debating whether or not men do go through a well-defined menopause. Taking treatment for low testosterone to get relief of some symptoms associated with menopause or andropause.

Some people refer to declining testosterone as "menopause," but it is not really like menopause in women. During menopause, the estrogen produced by the ovaries declines sharply and causes a typical set of symptoms, although they can still vary from woman to woman. In men, the decline is gradual and may not cause any specific health problems. The female menopause marks the end of the female reproductive cycle. However, men experience a range of symptoms and changes while growing older, which some people compare to the effects of menopause.

SYMPTOMS OF MALE MENOPAUSE Male menopause can cause physical, sexual, and psychological symptoms. They typically get worse as age increases (after the 50s). The symptoms are:

People may also experience swollen or tender breasts, decreased testicle size, loss of body hair, or hot flashes. Low levels of testosterone associated with male menopause have also been linked to osteoporosis. This is a condition where your bones become weak and brittle. These are rare symptoms. They typically affect men at the same age as women entering menopause.

KNOW ABOUT TESTOSTERONE!

Testosterone is an important male hormone mostly produced in the testicles. Before enter puberty, the testosterone levels are low, they slowly increase as sexually mature. It awakens typical changes involved in male puberty, such as the growth of muscle mass, growth of body hair, lowering of the voice, and changes in sexual functioning. The normal range of testosterone in males is about 270-1070 ng/dL with an average level of 679 ng/dL. According to new guidelines of The American Urological Association < 300ng/dL is considered as low testosterone levels. A normal male testosterone level peak at about age 20, and then it slowly declines after 30 an average of 1-2 percent per year.

Some health conditions can cause earlier or more drastic declines in testosterone levels. When testosterone levels decrease, the desire for sex also decreases, a drastic drop in testosterone can lead to decreased libido.

COMMON CAUSES FOR MALE MENOPAUSE

Restless legs syndrome (RLS), Depression, Chronic illness, Sleep problems, Aging, Stress, Low self-esteem, Exercise, Alcohol, Drugs, Physical and Emotional issues.

HOW TO DIAGNOSE MALE MENOPAUSE

To diagnose the male menopause, the doctor will perform a physical exam and ask about symptoms. These symptoms may occur due to a range of lifestyle factors or underlying diseases. The doctor may order other diagnostic tests to rule out any medical problems and then order a series of blood tests, which may include measuring testosterone levels.


DOES IT HAVE A TREATMENT

Unless male menopause/ andropause is causing you severe hardship or disrupting your life, probably manage their symptoms without treatment. The major issue with male menopause may be “how to discuss symptoms with the psychologist or doctor?” this is due to intimidated or shy to discuss bedroom issues with others.

The most common type of treatment for symptoms of male menopause is making healthier lifestyle changes like eating a healthy diet, get regular exercise, get enough sleep, and reduces your stress. After adopting these habits, those who are experiencing andropause may see a dramatic change in their overall health. Hormone replacement therapy is another treatment option. However, it’s very controversial. Like performance-enhancing steroids, synthetic testosterone can have negative side effects. Try to consult psychologist (MANAS), Sexologist for detailed information about male menopause, they will guide, support and assist the needy to how to overcome from the difficulty.


ESSENTIAL SUPPORT

The reality is, whether we call it male menopause, andropause or low Testosterones, the effects of hormone loss in men can cause just as much suffering and ill health to men as menopause does to women. If someone experiencing above mentioned signs and symptoms that might be the results of low testosterone levels, further encourage the person to consult a psychologist, sexologist or doctor to clarify issues related to their symptoms and feelings without any wavering. Manas will help you out from the mind bugling.


Dr.N.V.V.S.Narayana PhD

*Note: All these pictures are taken from Google free sources.

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